Commemorative coins "Mir Castle"
Put into circulation on 29 December 1998Design: T.Radivilko (Belarus)
Minted by: The Mint of Poland PLC., Warsaw, Poland
- Silver, Alloy standard of silver: 925
- Denomination: 20 rubles
- Weight of coin, g: 33.63
- Fine silver content, g: 31.1
- Quality: "proof"
- Diameter, mm: 38.61
- Mintage, pcs.: 2,000
- without box – 37 rubles 42 copecks
- Denomination: 1 ruble
- Weight of coin, g: 13.16
- Quality: "proof–like"
- Diameter, mm: 32
- Mintage, pcs.: 2,000
The coin is round. The rim is raised on both sides of the coin. The edge of the coin is corrugated.
within the circular geometric ornament – the relief of the State Coat of Arms of the Republic of Belarus; beneath – year of issue, silver coin – fine silver content and alloy standard; inscriptions along the rim – at the top: "РЭСПУБЛIКА БЕЛАРУСЬ" (REPUBLIC OF BELARUS), at the bottom: "ДВАЦЦАЦЬ РУБЛЁЎ" (TWENTY ROUBLES) on the silver coin and "АД3IН РУБЕЛЬ" (ONE ROUBLE) on the copper–nickel coin.
in the center – the relief effigy of the Castle of Mir; a plate in the shape of an ancient seal features the date: XVI–XVIII, at the top – inscription in three lines: "ПОМНIКI АРХIТЭКТУРЫ БЕЛАРУСI" (BELARUSIAN ARCHITECTURAL MONUMENTS), at the bottom – inscription: "MIPCKI 3AMAK" (THE CASTLE OF MIR)
Throughout its centuries–long history, the Castle of Mir was owned by various people and witnessed many historic events. For three centuries it was a formidable fortification. Originally, the crenellated walls were 13 meters high and 3 meters thick at the base. A sightseeing attraction of the castle are its towers nearly 25 meters high, whose top walls were made of bricks by artist masters. They are richly decorated by whitened bays and ornamental bands which, in combination with red brick walls, imparted artistic expressiveness to the architectural complex – a technique characteristic of Belarusian architecture in the 15th–16th centuries.
As a result of 1655, 1706, 1794, and 1812 sieges, the monument suffered major damage. In the 1870s and 1920s through 1970s work was undertaken to preserve it. Since 1969, the Castle has been under restoration.
In 1994, UNESCO placed the Castle of Mir in the top category of the world culture monuments.
On November 29, 2000 the UNESCO included the Castle of Mir in the list of the World's legacy. By this day, this list counts 690 the most significant monuments of cultural and natural legacy.